|When the temperature goes down, keep your cool and act in a logical, calm manner. Obviously, the best place to be when a winter storm hits is inside, but you may get caught outside or in your car because of unavoidable circumstances. So let's look at your best options in all of these places.
|Tips for Inside your Home
- Keep your home heated, either with central heating, a furnace or fireplace, but remember that all of these items can become safety hazards if not in good working order. Don't overheat as this wastes fuel.
- Use proper ventilation for your heating elements.
- Wear enough clothing so that you are comfortable without feeling overheated.
- Eat regularly and drink ample fluids.
- Listen to your radio or television for the latest weather and emergency information.
|Tips for Outside Activities
- Wear dry, layered clothing, including a hat and gloves to maintain proper body heat.
- Keep your mouth covered to protect your lungs from extremely cold air.
- Carry snack food and water if you are going to be outside for a prolonged period.
- Watch for signs of hypothermia such as uncontrollable shivering, drowsiness, slurred speech and disorientation.
- Be aware of frostbite signs, including loss of feeling and/or white or pale appearances in extremities such as your fingers, toes, ear lobes and tip of nose.
- If hypothermia or frostbite is suspected, get to a warm location as soon as possible, warm the center of your body with non-alcoholic, non-caffeine liquids and seek medical help.
- Try to travel only during the day and keep others aware of your schedule.
- Constantly maintain at least a half-tank of gas during winter months.
- Carry a winter emergency kit in your car.
- If you become trapped in a blizzard, turn on your hazard lights and hang some sort of distress flag from your antenna.
- If trapped, remain in your car where rescuers are more likely to find you. Only set out on foot if you can see a building or adequate shelter nearby.